Rename hook_status enum.
[dss.git] / dss.c
diff --git a/dss.c b/dss.c
index cee0f07..12ad11c 100644 (file)
--- a/dss.c
+++ b/dss.c
@@ -1,3 +1,8 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Andre Noll <maan@systemlinux.org>
+ *
+ * Licensed under the GPL v2. For licencing details see COPYING.
+ */
 #include <string.h>
 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <stdarg.h>
@@ -35,24 +40,22 @@ static struct gengetopt_args_info conf;
 static FILE *logfile;
 /** The read end of the signal pipe */
 static int signal_pipe;
-/** Process id of current rsync process. */
-static pid_t rsync_pid;
-/** Whether the rsync process is currently stopped */
-static int rsync_stopped;
-/** Process id of current rm process. */
-static pid_t rm_pid;
+/** Process id of current pre-create-hook/rsync/post-create-hook process. */
+static pid_t create_pid;
+/** Whether the pre-create-hook/rsync/post-create-hook is currently stopped. */
+static int create_process_stopped;
+/** Process id of current pre-remove/rm/post-remove process. */
+static pid_t remove_pid;
 /** When the next snapshot is due. */
 static struct timeval next_snapshot_time;
-/** The pid of the pre-create hook. */
-static pid_t pre_create_hook_pid;
-/** The pid of the post-create hook. */
-static pid_t post_create_hook_pid;
 /** Creation time of the snapshot currently being created. */
 static int64_t current_snapshot_creation_time;
 /** Needed by the post-create hook. */
 static char *path_to_last_complete_snapshot;
 /** \sa \ref snap.h for details. */
-static unsigned snapshot_creation_status;
+enum hook_status snapshot_creation_status;
+/** \sa \ref snap.h for details. */
+enum hook_status snapshot_removal_status;
 
 
 DEFINE_DSS_ERRLIST;
@@ -72,7 +75,7 @@ static int call_command_handler(void)
 {
        COMMANDS
        DSS_EMERG_LOG("BUG: did not find command handler\n");
-       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+       return -E_BUG;
 }
 #undef COMMAND
 #undef COMMANDS
@@ -119,7 +122,6 @@ static __printf_1_2 void dss_msg(const char* fmt,...)
        va_end(argp);
 }
 
-/* TODO: Also consider number of inodes. */
 static int disk_space_low(void)
 {
        struct disk_space ds;
@@ -133,6 +135,9 @@ static int disk_space_low(void)
        if (conf.min_free_percent_arg)
                if (ds.percent_free < conf.min_free_percent_arg)
                        return 1;
+       if (conf.min_free_percent_inodes_arg)
+               if (ds.percent_free_inodes < conf.min_free_percent_inodes_arg)
+                       return 1;
        return 0;
 }
 
@@ -152,7 +157,7 @@ static void compute_next_snapshot_time(void)
        struct snapshot *s = NULL;
        struct snapshot_list sl;
 
-       assert(snapshot_creation_status == SCS_READY);
+       assert(snapshot_creation_status == HS_READY);
        current_snapshot_creation_time = 0;
        dss_get_snapshot_list(&sl);
        FOR_EACH_SNAPSHOT(s, i, &sl) {
@@ -168,13 +173,13 @@ static void compute_next_snapshot_time(void)
        tmp.tv_sec = x;
        tmp.tv_usec = 0;
        ret = tv_diff(&unit_interval, &tmp, &diff); /* total sleep time per unit interval */
-       gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
-       if (ret < 0 || !s)
+       if (ret < 0 || !s) /* unit_interval < tmp or no snapshot */
                goto min_sleep;
        tv_divide(wanted, &diff, &tmp); /* sleep time betweeen two snapshots */
-       diff.tv_sec = s->completion_time;
+       diff.tv_sec = s->completion_time; /* completion time of the the latest snaphot */
        diff.tv_usec = 0;
        tv_add(&diff, &tmp, &next_snapshot_time);
+       gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
        if (tv_diff(&now, &next_snapshot_time, NULL) < 0)
                goto out;
 min_sleep:
@@ -185,23 +190,29 @@ out:
 }
 
 
-static int remove_snapshot(struct snapshot *s)
+static int remove_snapshot(struct snapshot *s, char *why)
 {
        int fds[3] = {0, 0, 0};
-       assert(!rm_pid);
+       assert(!remove_pid);
        char *new_name = being_deleted_name(s);
        int ret = dss_rename(s->name, new_name);
        char *argv[] = {"rm", "-rf", new_name, NULL};
 
        if (ret < 0)
                goto out;
-       DSS_NOTICE_LOG("removing %s (interval = %i)\n", s->name, s->interval);
-       ret = dss_exec(&rm_pid, argv[0], argv, fds);
+       DSS_NOTICE_LOG("removing %s snapshot %s (interval = %i)\n",
+               why, s->name, s->interval);
+       ret = dss_exec(&remove_pid, argv[0], argv, fds);
 out:
        free(new_name);
        return ret;
 }
 
+static int snapshot_is_being_created(struct snapshot *s)
+{
+       return s->creation_time == current_snapshot_creation_time;
+}
+
 /*
  * return: 0: no redundant snapshots, 1: rm process started, negative: error
  */
@@ -211,7 +222,7 @@ static int remove_redundant_snapshot(struct snapshot_list *sl)
        struct snapshot *s;
        unsigned missing = 0;
 
-       DSS_INFO_LOG("looking for intervals containing too many snapshots\n");
+       DSS_DEBUG_LOG("looking for intervals containing too many snapshots\n");
        for (interval = conf.num_intervals_arg - 1; interval >= 0; interval--) {
                unsigned keep = desired_number_of_snapshots(interval, conf.num_intervals_arg);
                unsigned num = sl->interval_count[interval];
@@ -228,6 +239,8 @@ static int remove_redundant_snapshot(struct snapshot_list *sl)
                FOR_EACH_SNAPSHOT(s, i, sl) {
                        int64_t this_score;
 
+                       if (snapshot_is_being_created(s))
+                               continue;
                        //DSS_DEBUG_LOG("checking %s\n", s->name);
                        if (s->interval > interval) {
                                prev = s;
@@ -257,7 +270,7 @@ static int remove_redundant_snapshot(struct snapshot_list *sl)
                                victim->name, victim->interval);
                        continue;
                }
-               ret = remove_snapshot(victim);
+               ret = remove_snapshot(victim, "redundant");
                return ret < 0? ret : 1;
        }
        return 0;
@@ -268,9 +281,11 @@ static int remove_outdated_snapshot(struct snapshot_list *sl)
        int i, ret;
        struct snapshot *s;
 
-       DSS_INFO_LOG("looking for snapshots belonging to intervals greater than %d\n",
+       DSS_DEBUG_LOG("looking for snapshots belonging to intervals greater than %d\n",
                conf.num_intervals_arg);
        FOR_EACH_SNAPSHOT(s, i, sl) {
+               if (snapshot_is_being_created(s))
+                       continue;
                if (s->interval <= conf.num_intervals_arg)
                        continue;
                if (conf.dry_run_given) {
@@ -278,7 +293,7 @@ static int remove_outdated_snapshot(struct snapshot_list *sl)
                                s->name, s->interval);
                        continue;
                }
-               ret = remove_snapshot(s);
+               ret = remove_snapshot(s, "outdated");
                if (ret < 0)
                        return ret;
                return 1;
@@ -293,9 +308,9 @@ static int remove_oldest_snapshot(struct snapshot_list *sl)
        if (!s) /* no snapshot found */
                return 0;
        DSS_INFO_LOG("oldest snapshot: %s\n", s->name);
-       if (s->creation_time == current_snapshot_creation_time)
-               return 0; /* do not remove the snapshot currently being created */
-       return remove_snapshot(s);
+       if (snapshot_is_being_created(s))
+               return 0;
+       return remove_snapshot(s, "oldest");
 }
 
 static int rename_incomplete_snapshot(int64_t start)
@@ -322,6 +337,8 @@ static int try_to_free_disk_space(int low_disk_space)
        int ret;
        struct snapshot_list sl;
 
+       if (!low_disk_space && conf.keep_redundant_given)
+               return 0;
        dss_get_snapshot_list(&sl);
        ret = remove_outdated_snapshot(&sl);
        if (ret) /* error, or we are removing something */
@@ -338,7 +355,7 @@ static int try_to_free_disk_space(int low_disk_space)
        if (ret)
                goto out;
        DSS_CRIT_LOG("uhuhu: not enough disk space for a single snapshot\n");
-       ret= -ENOSPC;
+       ret = -ERRNO_TO_DSS_ERROR(ENOSPC);
 out:
        free_snapshot_list(&sl);
        return ret;
@@ -349,15 +366,15 @@ static int pre_create_hook(void)
        int ret, fds[3] = {0, 0, 0};
 
        if (!conf.pre_create_hook_given) {
-               snapshot_creation_status = SCS_PRE_HOOK_SUCCESS;
+               snapshot_creation_status = HS_PRE_SUCCESS;
                return 0;
        }
-       DSS_NOTICE_LOG("executing %s\n", conf.pre_create_hook_arg);
-       ret = dss_exec_cmdline_pid(&pre_create_hook_pid,
+       DSS_DEBUG_LOG("executing %s\n", conf.pre_create_hook_arg);
+       ret = dss_exec_cmdline_pid(&create_pid,
                conf.pre_create_hook_arg, fds);
        if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
-       snapshot_creation_status = SCS_PRE_HOOK_RUNNING;
+       snapshot_creation_status = HS_PRE_RUNNING;
        return ret;
 }
 
@@ -367,18 +384,18 @@ static int post_create_hook(void)
        char *cmd;
 
        if (!conf.post_create_hook_given) {
-               snapshot_creation_status = SCS_READY;
+               snapshot_creation_status = HS_READY;
                compute_next_snapshot_time();
                return 0;
        }
-       cmd = make_message("%s %s", conf.post_create_hook_arg,
-               path_to_last_complete_snapshot);
+       cmd = make_message("%s %s/%s", conf.post_create_hook_arg,
+               conf.dest_dir_arg, path_to_last_complete_snapshot);
        DSS_NOTICE_LOG("executing %s\n", cmd);
-       ret = dss_exec_cmdline_pid(&post_create_hook_pid, cmd, fds);
+       ret = dss_exec_cmdline_pid(&create_pid, cmd, fds);
        free(cmd);
        if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
-       snapshot_creation_status = SCS_POST_HOOK_RUNNING;
+       snapshot_creation_status = HS_POST_RUNNING;
        return ret;
 }
 
@@ -390,23 +407,22 @@ static void kill_process(pid_t pid)
        kill(pid, SIGTERM);
 }
 
-static void stop_rsync_process(void)
+static void stop_create_process(void)
 {
-       if (!rsync_pid || rsync_stopped)
+       if (!create_pid || create_process_stopped)
                return;
-       kill(SIGSTOP, rsync_pid);
-       rsync_stopped = 1;
+       kill(SIGSTOP, create_pid);
+       create_process_stopped = 1;
 }
 
-static void restart_rsync_process(void)
+static void restart_create_process(void)
 {
-       if (!rsync_pid || !rsync_stopped)
+       if (!create_pid || !create_process_stopped)
                return;
-       kill (SIGCONT, rsync_pid);
-       rsync_stopped = 0;
+       kill (SIGCONT, create_pid);
+       create_process_stopped = 0;
 }
 
-
 /**
  * Print a log message about the exit status of a child.
  */
@@ -460,7 +476,7 @@ static int wait_for_process(pid_t pid, int *status)
 
 static int handle_rm_exit(int status)
 {
-       rm_pid = 0;
+       remove_pid = 0;
        if (!WIFEXITED(status))
                return -E_INVOLUNTARY_EXIT;
        if (WEXITSTATUS(status))
@@ -470,7 +486,7 @@ static int handle_rm_exit(int status)
 
 static int wait_for_rm_process(void)
 {
-       int status, ret = wait_for_process(rm_pid, &status);
+       int status, ret = wait_for_process(remove_pid, &status);
 
        if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
@@ -482,51 +498,68 @@ static int handle_rsync_exit(int status)
        int es, ret;
 
        if (!WIFEXITED(status)) {
-               DSS_ERROR_LOG("rsync process %d died involuntary\n", (int)rsync_pid);
+               DSS_ERROR_LOG("rsync process %d died involuntary\n", (int)create_pid);
                ret = -E_INVOLUNTARY_EXIT;
-               snapshot_creation_status = SCS_READY;
+               snapshot_creation_status = HS_READY;
                compute_next_snapshot_time();
                goto out;
        }
        es = WEXITSTATUS(status);
+       if (es == 13) { /* Errors with program diagnostics */
+               DSS_WARNING_LOG("rsync process %d returned %d -- restarting\n",
+                       (int)create_pid, es);
+               snapshot_creation_status = HS_NEEDS_RESTART;
+               gettimeofday(&next_snapshot_time, NULL);
+               next_snapshot_time.tv_sec += 60;
+               ret = 1;
+               goto out;
+       }
        if (es != 0 && es != 23 && es != 24) {
-               DSS_ERROR_LOG("rsync process %d returned %d\n", (int)rsync_pid, es);
+               DSS_ERROR_LOG("rsync process %d returned %d\n", (int)create_pid, es);
                ret = -E_BAD_EXIT_CODE;
-               snapshot_creation_status = SCS_READY;
+               snapshot_creation_status = HS_READY;
                compute_next_snapshot_time();
                goto out;
        }
        ret = rename_incomplete_snapshot(current_snapshot_creation_time);
        if (ret < 0)
                goto out;
-       snapshot_creation_status = SCS_RSYNC_SUCCESS;
+       snapshot_creation_status = HS_SUCCESS;
 out:
-       rsync_pid = 0;
-       rsync_stopped = 0;
+       create_pid = 0;
+       create_process_stopped = 0;
        return ret;
 }
 
 static int handle_pre_create_hook_exit(int status)
 {
        int es, ret;
+       static int warn_count;
 
        if (!WIFEXITED(status)) {
-               snapshot_creation_status = SCS_READY;
+               snapshot_creation_status = HS_READY;
                compute_next_snapshot_time();
                ret = -E_INVOLUNTARY_EXIT;
                goto out;
        }
        es = WEXITSTATUS(status);
        if (es) {
-               snapshot_creation_status = SCS_READY;
+               if (!warn_count--) {
+                       DSS_NOTICE_LOG("pre_create_hook %s returned %d\n",
+                               conf.pre_create_hook_arg, es);
+                       DSS_NOTICE_LOG("deferring snapshot creation...\n");
+                       warn_count = 60; /* warn only once per hour */
+               }
+               snapshot_creation_status = HS_READY;
                compute_next_snapshot_time();
-               ret = -E_BAD_EXIT_CODE;
+               ret = 0;
                goto out;
        }
-       snapshot_creation_status = SCS_PRE_HOOK_SUCCESS;
+       warn_count = 0;
+       snapshot_creation_status = HS_PRE_SUCCESS;
        ret = 1;
 out:
-       pre_create_hook_pid = 0;
+       create_pid = 0;
        return ret;
 }
 
@@ -537,19 +570,27 @@ static int handle_sigchld(void)
 
        if (ret <= 0)
                return ret;
-       if (pid == rsync_pid)
-               return handle_rsync_exit(status);
-       if (pid == rm_pid)
-               return handle_rm_exit(status);
-       if (pid == pre_create_hook_pid)
-               return handle_pre_create_hook_exit(status);
-       if (pid == post_create_hook_pid) {
-               snapshot_creation_status = SCS_READY;
-               compute_next_snapshot_time();
-               return 1;
+
+       if (pid == create_pid) {
+               switch (snapshot_creation_status) {
+               case HS_PRE_RUNNING:
+                       return handle_pre_create_hook_exit(status);
+               case HS_RUNNING:
+                       return handle_rsync_exit(status);
+               case HS_POST_RUNNING:
+                       snapshot_creation_status = HS_READY;
+                       compute_next_snapshot_time();
+                       return 1;
+               default:
+                       DSS_EMERG_LOG("BUG: create can't die in status %d\n",
+                               snapshot_creation_status);
+                       return -E_BUG;
+               }
        }
+       if (pid == remove_pid)
+               return handle_rm_exit(status);
        DSS_EMERG_LOG("BUG: unknown process %d died\n", (int)pid);
-       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+       return -E_BUG;
 }
 
 static int check_config(void)
@@ -567,8 +608,7 @@ static int check_config(void)
        return 1;
 }
 
-/* exits on errors */
-static void parse_config_file(int override)
+static int parse_config_file(int override)
 {
        int ret;
        char *config_file;
@@ -600,8 +640,18 @@ static void parse_config_file(int override)
                        .override = override,
                        .initialize = 0,
                        .check_required = 1,
-                       .check_ambiguity = 0
+                       .check_ambiguity = 0,
+                       .print_errors = 1
                };
+               if (override) { /* invalidate all rsync options */
+                       int i;
+
+                       for (i = 0; i < conf.rsync_option_given; i++) {
+                               free(conf.rsync_option_arg[i]);
+                               conf.rsync_option_arg[i] = NULL;
+                       }
+                       conf.rsync_option_given = 0;
+               }
                cmdline_parser_config_file(config_file, &conf, &params);
        }
        ret = check_config();
@@ -623,24 +673,33 @@ static void parse_config_file(int override)
                logfile = open_log(conf.logfile_arg);
                log_welcome(conf.loglevel_arg);
        }
-       DSS_EMERG_LOG("loglevel: %d\n", conf.loglevel_arg);
+       DSS_DEBUG_LOG("loglevel: %d\n", conf.loglevel_arg);
 //     cmdline_parser_dump(logfile? logfile : stdout, &conf);
-       ret = dss_chdir(conf.dest_dir_arg);
 out:
        free(config_file);
-       if (ret >= 0)
-               return;
-       DSS_EMERG_LOG("%s\n", dss_strerror(-ret));
-       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+       if (ret < 0)
+               DSS_EMERG_LOG("%s\n", dss_strerror(-ret));
+       return ret;
+}
+
+static int change_to_dest_dir(void)
+{
+       DSS_INFO_LOG("changing cwd to %s\n", conf.dest_dir_arg);
+       return dss_chdir(conf.dest_dir_arg);
 }
 
-static void handle_sighup(void)
+static int handle_sighup(void)
 {
+       int ret;
+
        DSS_NOTICE_LOG("SIGHUP\n");
-       parse_config_file(1);
+       ret = parse_config_file(1);
+       if (ret < 0)
+               return ret;
+       return change_to_dest_dir();
 }
 
-static void handle_signal(void)
+static int handle_signal(void)
 {
        int sig, ret = next_signal();
 
@@ -650,13 +709,13 @@ static void handle_signal(void)
        switch (sig) {
        case SIGINT:
        case SIGTERM:
-               restart_rsync_process();
-               kill_process(rsync_pid);
-               kill_process(rm_pid);
-               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+               restart_create_process();
+               kill_process(create_pid);
+               kill_process(remove_pid);
+               ret = -E_SIGNAL;
+               break;
        case SIGHUP:
-               handle_sighup();
-               ret = 1;
+               ret = handle_sighup();
                break;
        case SIGCHLD:
                ret = handle_sigchld();
@@ -665,6 +724,22 @@ static void handle_signal(void)
 out:
        if (ret < 0)
                DSS_ERROR_LOG("%s\n", dss_strerror(-ret));
+       return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * We can not use rsync locally if the local user is different from the remote
+ * user or if the src dir is not on the local host (or both).
+ */
+static int use_rsync_locally(char *logname)
+{
+       char *h = conf.remote_host_arg;
+
+       if (strcmp(h, "localhost") && strcmp(h, "127.0.0.1"))
+               return 0;
+       if (conf.remote_user_given && strcmp(conf.remote_user_arg, logname))
+               return 0;
+       return 1;
 }
 
 static void create_rsync_argv(char ***argv, int64_t *num)
@@ -689,13 +764,8 @@ static void create_rsync_argv(char ***argv, int64_t *num)
                free(newest);
        } else
                DSS_INFO_LOG("no previous snapshot found\n");
-       if (conf.exclude_patterns_given) {
-               (*argv)[i++] = dss_strdup("--exclude-from");
-               (*argv)[i++] = dss_strdup(conf.exclude_patterns_arg);
-
-       }
        logname = dss_logname();
-       if (conf.remote_user_given && !strcmp(conf.remote_user_arg, logname))
+       if (use_rsync_locally(logname))
                (*argv)[i++] = dss_strdup(conf.source_dir_arg);
        else
                (*argv)[i++] = make_message("%s@%s:%s/", conf.remote_user_given?
@@ -712,6 +782,9 @@ static void create_rsync_argv(char ***argv, int64_t *num)
 static void free_rsync_argv(char **argv)
 {
        int i;
+
+       if (!argv)
+               return;
        for (i = 0; argv[i]; i++)
                free(argv[i]);
        free(argv);
@@ -725,76 +798,88 @@ static int create_snapshot(char **argv)
        name = incomplete_name(current_snapshot_creation_time);
        DSS_NOTICE_LOG("creating new snapshot %s\n", name);
        free(name);
-       ret = dss_exec(&rsync_pid, argv[0], argv, fds);
+       ret = dss_exec(&create_pid, argv[0], argv, fds);
        if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
-       snapshot_creation_status = SCS_RSYNC_RUNNING;
+       snapshot_creation_status = HS_RUNNING;
        return ret;
 }
 
 static int select_loop(void)
 {
        int ret;
-       struct timeval tv = {.tv_sec = 0, .tv_usec = 0};
+       /* check every 60 seconds for free disk space */
+       struct timeval tv;
+       char **rsync_argv = NULL;
 
        for (;;) {
                fd_set rfds;
                int low_disk_space;
-               char **rsync_argv;
-               struct timeval now, *tvp = &tv;
+               struct timeval now, *tvp;
 
-               if (rsync_pid)
-                       tv.tv_sec = 60; /* check every 60 seconds for free disk space */
-               else if (rm_pid)
+               if (remove_pid)
                        tvp = NULL; /* sleep until rm process dies */
+               else { /* sleep one minute */
+                       tv.tv_sec = 60;
+                       tv.tv_usec = 0;
+                       tvp = &tv;
+               }
                FD_ZERO(&rfds);
                FD_SET(signal_pipe, &rfds);
-               DSS_DEBUG_LOG("tvp: %p, tv_sec: %lu\n", tvp, (long unsigned) tv.tv_sec);
+               DSS_DEBUG_LOG("tvp: %p, tv_sec : %lu\n", tvp, (long unsigned) tv.tv_sec);
                ret = dss_select(signal_pipe + 1, &rfds, NULL, tvp);
                if (ret < 0)
-                       return ret;
-               if (FD_ISSET(signal_pipe, &rfds))
-                       handle_signal();
-               if (rm_pid)
+                       goto out;
+               if (FD_ISSET(signal_pipe, &rfds)) {
+                       ret = handle_signal();
+                       if (ret < 0)
+                               goto out;
+               }
+               if (remove_pid)
                        continue;
                ret = disk_space_low();
                if (ret < 0)
-                       break;
+                       goto out;
                low_disk_space = ret;
                ret = try_to_free_disk_space(low_disk_space);
                if (ret < 0)
-                       break;
-               if (rm_pid) {
-                       stop_rsync_process();
+                       goto out;
+               if (remove_pid) {
+                       stop_create_process();
                        continue;
                }
-               restart_rsync_process();
+               restart_create_process();
                gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
-               if (tv_diff(&next_snapshot_time, &now, &tv) > 0)
+               if (tv_diff(&next_snapshot_time, &now, NULL) > 0)
                        continue;
                switch (snapshot_creation_status) {
-               case SCS_READY:
+               case HS_READY:
                        ret = pre_create_hook();
                        if (ret < 0)
                                goto out;
                        continue;
-               case SCS_PRE_HOOK_RUNNING:
+               case HS_PRE_RUNNING:
                        continue;
-               case SCS_PRE_HOOK_SUCCESS:
-                       create_rsync_argv(&rsync_argv, &current_snapshot_creation_time);
+               case HS_NEEDS_RESTART:
                        ret = create_snapshot(rsync_argv);
+                       if (ret < 0)
+                               goto out;
+                       continue;
+               case HS_PRE_SUCCESS:
                        free_rsync_argv(rsync_argv);
+                       create_rsync_argv(&rsync_argv, &current_snapshot_creation_time);
+                       ret = create_snapshot(rsync_argv);
                        if (ret < 0)
                                goto out;
                        continue;
-               case SCS_RSYNC_RUNNING:
+               case HS_RUNNING:
                        continue;
-               case SCS_RSYNC_SUCCESS:
+               case HS_SUCCESS:
                        ret = post_create_hook();
                        if (ret < 0)
                                goto out;
                        continue;
-               case SCS_POST_HOOK_RUNNING:
+               case HS_POST_RUNNING:
                        continue;
                }
        }
@@ -802,6 +887,18 @@ out:
        return ret;
 }
 
+static void exit_hook(int exit_code)
+{
+       int fds[3] = {0, 0, 0};
+       char *argv[] = {conf.exit_hook_arg, dss_strerror(-exit_code), NULL};
+       pid_t pid;
+
+       if (!conf.exit_hook_given)
+               return;
+       DSS_NOTICE_LOG("executing %s %s\n", argv[0], argv[1]);
+       dss_exec(&pid, conf.exit_hook_arg, argv, fds);
+}
+
 static int com_run(void)
 {
        int ret;
@@ -814,7 +911,11 @@ static int com_run(void)
        if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
        compute_next_snapshot_time();
-       return select_loop();
+       ret = select_loop();
+       if (ret >= 0) /* impossible */
+               ret = -E_BUG;
+       exit_hook(ret);
+       return ret;
 }
 
 static int com_prune(void)
@@ -879,27 +980,27 @@ static int com_create(void)
        ret = pre_create_hook();
        if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
-       if (pre_create_hook_pid) {
-               ret = wait_for_process(pre_create_hook_pid, &status);
+       if (create_pid) {
+               ret = wait_for_process(create_pid, &status);
                if (ret < 0)
                        return ret;
                ret = handle_pre_create_hook_exit(status);
-               if (ret < 0)
+               if (ret <= 0) /* error, or pre-create failed */
                        return ret;
        }
        create_rsync_argv(&rsync_argv, &current_snapshot_creation_time);
        ret = create_snapshot(rsync_argv);
        if (ret < 0)
                goto out;
-       ret = wait_for_process(rsync_pid, &status);
+       ret = wait_for_process(create_pid, &status);
        if (ret < 0)
                goto out;
        ret = handle_rsync_exit(status);
        if (ret < 0)
                goto out;
        post_create_hook();
-       if (post_create_hook_pid)
-               ret = wait_for_process(post_create_hook_pid, &status);
+       if (create_pid)
+               ret = wait_for_process(create_pid, &status);
 out:
        free_rsync_argv(rsync_argv);
        return ret;
@@ -912,13 +1013,17 @@ static int com_ls(void)
        struct snapshot *s;
 
        dss_get_snapshot_list(&sl);
-       FOR_EACH_SNAPSHOT(s, i, &sl)
-               dss_msg("%u\t%s\n", s->interval, s->name);
+       FOR_EACH_SNAPSHOT(s, i, &sl) {
+               int64_t d = 0;
+               if (s->flags & SS_COMPLETE)
+                       d = (s->completion_time - s->creation_time) / 60;
+               dss_msg("%u\t%s\t%3" PRId64 ":%02" PRId64 "\n", s->interval, s->name, d/60, d%60);
+       };
        free_snapshot_list(&sl);
        return 1;
 }
 
-static void setup_signal_handling(void)
+static int setup_signal_handling(void)
 {
        int ret;
 
@@ -926,17 +1031,11 @@ static void setup_signal_handling(void)
        signal_pipe = signal_init(); /* always successful */
        ret = install_sighandler(SIGINT);
        if (ret < 0)
-               goto err;
+               return ret;
        ret = install_sighandler(SIGTERM);
        if (ret < 0)
-               goto err;
-       ret = install_sighandler(SIGCHLD);
-       if (ret < 0)
-               goto err;
-       return;
-err:
-       DSS_EMERG_LOG("could not install signal handlers\n");
-       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+               return ret;
+       return install_sighandler(SIGCHLD);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -952,16 +1051,24 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
                .override = 0,
                .initialize = 1,
                .check_required = 0,
-               .check_ambiguity = 0
+               .check_ambiguity = 0,
+               .print_errors = 1
        };
 
        cmdline_parser_ext(argc, argv, &conf, &params); /* aborts on errors */
-       parse_config_file(0);
-
+       ret = parse_config_file(0);
+       if (ret < 0)
+               goto out;
        if (conf.daemon_given)
                daemon_init();
-       setup_signal_handling();
+       ret = change_to_dest_dir();
+       if (ret < 0)
+               goto out;
+       ret = setup_signal_handling();
+       if (ret < 0)
+               goto out;
        ret = call_command_handler();
+out:
        if (ret < 0)
                DSS_EMERG_LOG("%s\n", dss_strerror(-ret));
        exit(ret >= 0? EXIT_SUCCESS : EXIT_FAILURE);