alsa_write: Print more detailed error message.
[paraslash.git] / alsa_write.c
1 /*
2 * Copyright (C) 2005-2007 Andre Noll <maan@systemlinux.org>
3 *
4 * Licensed under the GPL v2. For licencing details see COPYING.
5 */
6
7 /** \file alsa_write.c paraslash's alsa output plugin */
8
9 /*
10 * Based in parts on aplay.c from the alsa-utils-1.0.8 package,
11 * Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@suse.cz>, which is
12 * based on the vplay program by Michael Beck.
13 */
14
15 #include <sys/types.h>
16 #include <dirent.h>
17 #include <alsa/asoundlib.h>
18
19 #include "para.h"
20 #include "fd.h"
21 #include "string.h"
22 #include "list.h"
23 #include "sched.h"
24 #include "write.h"
25 #include "alsa_write.cmdline.h"
26 #include "error.h"
27
28 /** always use 16 bit little endian */
29 #define FORMAT SND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE
30
31 /** data specific to the alsa writer */
32 struct private_alsa_write_data {
33 /** the alsa handle */
34 snd_pcm_t *handle;
35 /** determined and set by alsa_open() */
36 size_t bytes_per_frame;
37 /** don't write anything until this time */
38 struct timeval next_chunk;
39 /** the return value of snd_pcm_hw_params_get_buffer_time_max() */
40 unsigned buffer_time;
41 /**
42 * the samplerate given by command line option or the decoder
43 * of the writer node group
44 */
45 unsigned samplerate;
46 /**
47 * the number of channels, also given by command line option or the
48 * decoder of the writer node group
49 */
50 unsigned channels;
51 };
52
53 /*
54 * open and prepare the PCM handle for writing
55 *
56 * Install PCM software and hardware configuration. Exit on errors.
57 */
58 static int alsa_open(struct writer_node *w)
59 {
60 snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hwparams;
61 snd_pcm_sw_params_t *swparams;
62 snd_pcm_uframes_t buffer_size, xfer_align, start_threshold,
63 stop_threshold;
64 int err;
65 snd_pcm_info_t *info;
66 snd_pcm_uframes_t period_size;
67 struct private_alsa_write_data *pad = para_calloc(sizeof(struct
68 private_alsa_write_data));
69 struct alsa_write_args_info *conf = w->conf;
70 struct writer_node_group *wng = w->wng;
71
72 if (!conf->samplerate_given && wng->samplerate)
73 pad->samplerate = *wng->samplerate;
74 else
75 pad->samplerate = conf->samplerate_arg;
76 if (!conf->channels_given && wng->channels)
77 pad->channels = *wng->channels;
78 else
79 pad->channels = conf->channels_arg;
80 PARA_INFO_LOG("%d channel(s), %dHz\n", pad->channels, pad->samplerate);
81 w->private_data = pad;
82 snd_pcm_info_alloca(&info);
83 err = snd_pcm_open(&pad->handle, conf->device_arg,
84 SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK, SND_PCM_NONBLOCK);
85 if (err < 0)
86 return -E_PCM_OPEN;
87 if ((err = snd_pcm_info(pad->handle, info)) < 0)
88 return -E_SND_PCM_INFO;
89
90 snd_pcm_hw_params_alloca(&hwparams);
91 snd_pcm_sw_params_alloca(&swparams);
92 if (snd_pcm_hw_params_any(pad->handle, hwparams) < 0)
93 return -E_BROKEN_CONF;
94 if (snd_pcm_hw_params_set_access(pad->handle, hwparams,
95 SND_PCM_ACCESS_RW_INTERLEAVED) < 0)
96 return -E_ACCESS_TYPE;
97 if (snd_pcm_hw_params_set_format(pad->handle, hwparams, FORMAT) < 0)
98 return -E_SAMPLE_FORMAT;
99 if (snd_pcm_hw_params_set_channels(pad->handle, hwparams,
100 pad->channels) < 0)
101 return -E_CHANNEL_COUNT;
102 if (snd_pcm_hw_params_set_rate_near(pad->handle, hwparams,
103 &pad->samplerate, 0) < 0)
104 return -E_SET_RATE;
105 err = snd_pcm_hw_params_get_buffer_time_max(hwparams, &pad->buffer_time, 0);
106 if (err < 0 || !pad->buffer_time)
107 return -E_GET_BUFFER_TIME;
108 PARA_INFO_LOG("buffer time: %d\n", pad->buffer_time);
109 if (snd_pcm_hw_params_set_buffer_time_near(pad->handle, hwparams,
110 &pad->buffer_time, 0) < 0)
111 return -E_SET_BUFFER_TIME;
112 if (snd_pcm_hw_params(pad->handle, hwparams) < 0)
113 return -E_HW_PARAMS;
114 snd_pcm_hw_params_get_period_size(hwparams, &period_size, 0);
115 snd_pcm_hw_params_get_buffer_size(hwparams, &buffer_size);
116 PARA_INFO_LOG("buffer size: %lu, period_size: %lu\n", buffer_size,
117 period_size);
118 if (period_size == buffer_size)
119 return -E_BAD_PERIOD;
120 snd_pcm_sw_params_current(pad->handle, swparams);
121 err = snd_pcm_sw_params_get_xfer_align(swparams, &xfer_align);
122 if (err < 0 || !xfer_align)
123 return -E_GET_XFER;
124 snd_pcm_sw_params_set_avail_min(pad->handle, swparams, period_size);
125 /* round to closest transfer boundary */
126 start_threshold = (buffer_size / xfer_align) * xfer_align;
127 if (start_threshold < 1)
128 start_threshold = 1;
129 if (snd_pcm_sw_params_set_start_threshold(pad->handle, swparams,
130 start_threshold) < 0)
131 return -E_START_THRESHOLD;
132 stop_threshold = buffer_size;
133 if (snd_pcm_sw_params_set_stop_threshold(pad->handle, swparams,
134 stop_threshold) < 0)
135 return -E_STOP_THRESHOLD;
136 if (snd_pcm_sw_params_set_xfer_align(pad->handle, swparams,
137 xfer_align) < 0)
138 return -E_SET_XFER;
139 if (snd_pcm_sw_params(pad->handle, swparams) < 0)
140 return -E_SW_PARAMS;
141 pad->bytes_per_frame = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(FORMAT)
142 * pad->channels / 8;
143 if (snd_pcm_nonblock(pad->handle, 1))
144 PARA_ERROR_LOG("%s\n", "failed to set nonblock mode");
145 return period_size * pad->bytes_per_frame;
146 }
147
148 static int alsa_write_pre_select(struct sched *s, struct writer_node *wn)
149 {
150 struct private_alsa_write_data *pad = wn->private_data;
151 struct writer_node_group *wng = wn->wng;
152 struct timeval diff;
153
154 if (*wng->loaded < pad->bytes_per_frame)
155 return 1;
156 if (tv_diff(now, &pad->next_chunk, &diff) < 0) {
157 if (tv_diff(&s->timeout, &diff, NULL) > 0)
158 s->timeout = diff;
159 } else {
160 s->timeout.tv_sec = 0;
161 s->timeout.tv_usec = 1;
162 }
163 return 1;
164 // PARA_INFO_LOG("timeout: %lu\n", tv2ms(&s->timeout));
165 }
166
167 static int alsa_write_post_select(__a_unused struct sched *s,
168 struct writer_node *wn)
169 {
170 struct private_alsa_write_data *pad = wn->private_data;
171 struct writer_node_group *wng = wn->wng;
172 size_t frames = (*wng->loaded - wn->written) / pad->bytes_per_frame;
173 snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
174 unsigned char *data = (unsigned char*)wng->buf + wn->written;
175 struct timeval tv;
176
177 // PARA_INFO_LOG("%zd frames\n", frames);
178 if (!frames) {
179 if (*wng->input_eof)
180 wn->written = *wng->loaded;
181 return 1;
182 }
183 if (tv_diff(now, &pad->next_chunk, NULL) < 0)
184 return 1;
185 ret = snd_pcm_writei(pad->handle, data, frames);
186 if (ret == -EPIPE) {
187 PARA_WARNING_LOG("EPIPE\n");
188 snd_pcm_prepare(pad->handle);
189 return 1;
190 }
191 if (ret < 0) {
192 PARA_WARNING_LOG("alsa error (%zu frames, ret = %d\n",
193 frames, (int)ret);
194 return -E_ALSA_WRITE;
195 }
196 ms2tv(pad->buffer_time / 4000, &tv);
197 // ms2tv(1, &tv);
198 tv_add(now, &tv, &pad->next_chunk);
199 wn->written += ret * pad->bytes_per_frame;
200 return 1;
201 }
202
203 static void alsa_close(struct writer_node *wn)
204 {
205 struct private_alsa_write_data *pad = wn->private_data;
206 PARA_INFO_LOG("closing writer node %p\n", wn);
207 snd_pcm_drain(pad->handle);
208 snd_pcm_close(pad->handle);
209 snd_config_update_free_global();
210 free(pad);
211 }
212
213 __malloc static void *alsa_parse_config(const char *options)
214 {
215 struct alsa_write_args_info *conf
216 = para_calloc(sizeof(struct alsa_write_args_info));
217 PARA_INFO_LOG("options: %s, %zd\n", options, strcspn(options, " \t"));
218 int ret = alsa_cmdline_parser_string(options, conf, "alsa_write");
219 if (ret)
220 goto err_out;
221 PARA_INFO_LOG("help given: %d\n", conf->help_given);
222 return conf;
223 err_out:
224 free(conf);
225 return NULL;
226 }
227
228 /**
229 * the init function of the alsa writer
230 *
231 * \param w pointer to the writer to initialize
232 *
233 * \sa struct writer
234 */
235 void alsa_write_init(struct writer *w)
236 {
237 w->open = alsa_open;
238 w->close = alsa_close;
239 w->pre_select = alsa_write_pre_select;
240 w->post_select = alsa_write_post_select;
241 w->parse_config = alsa_parse_config;
242 w->shutdown = NULL; /* nothing to do */
243 }